Okay, maybe making soap for personal use is not something that everyone has thought of trying but it is surely a fun DIY project to do.
Apart from the fact that making your own soap helps to save cost, it also allows you to explore your creativity, making something that will be useful to both you and your loved ones.
Cold process is a basic soap making method and if you want to make soap from scratch, keep reading.
Here’s a guide for beginners. Enjoy.
The soap ingredients you need include:
- Distilled water
- Lye flakes
- Color (optional)
- Fragrance (optional)
- Additives- this may include natural exfoliants, flower petals, and spices but they are also optional.
The Soap Making Process
Step 1 Mix the Brine-Lye Solution
With your safety rubber gloves and goggles on, place a pitcher on the scale and add distilled water to the pitcher.
Now place a plastic pitcher on the scale and pour the lye into it. Cover the lid properly and keep in a safe place.
Step 2 Add Lye to Distilled Water
Gently pour the lye into the pitcher of distilled water and mix carefully until the lye dissolves.
Once the mixture heats up, place the lid on the pitcher that contains the lye mixture and keep in a safe place. Rinse the tool you used in mixing.
Step 3 Measure Your Oils
Place a glass pitcher or the soap pot on the scale and measure each of the oil you want to use. It is advisable to mix the solid and liquid oils separately.
The solid soap making oils like Shea and cocoa butter should be mixed in the soap pot and the liquid oils in the glass pitcher.
Step 4 Heat and Melt the Oils
Put the soap pot that contains the solid oils on the stove and reduce the heat. Stir the oil gently until it melts. Put off the heat once the oils get to about 110F.
Your thermometer will help you monitor the heat. When all the solid oils are melted, add the liquid oils and mix. The liquid oils will help to reduce the overall temperature to about 100 F.
Step 5 Pour Lye into the Soap Pot
Once you achieve an oil mixture of the 100 F, get your lye-water mixture and slowly pour it into the soap pot. The oil at this point will begin to turn cloudy.
Instead of a spoon or spatula, use your stick blender to blend the lye-water mixture into the oils but do not turn the blender off. Put the lye pitcher in a safe place.
Step 6 Thoroughly Mix the Oils and Lye Together
While stirring the mixture of lye-water and oil with your stick blender, turn on the blender for 3-5 seconds and turn it off again.
Keep stirring for about two minutes and turn the blender on again for another 3-5 seconds. Repeat the process until the lye-water and oil are completely mixed.
Your soap should reach trace any moment from now. Trace is that point when the lye water and oils are emulsified.
Step 7 Add Fragrance Oils and Additives
If you want to add fragrance oils and additives to your soap, now is the time to do so before the mixture gets too thick.
After the mixture is completely blended, slowly add the fragrance oil and additives but don’t use the stick blender to mix.
Instead, let the end of the stick blender serve as your spoon for mixing.
Step 8 Add Color
Before you add color to the soap, use the stick blender to blend the mixture one last time. Now add the color to the soap pot and stir.
Step 9 Pour the Soap into the Mold
Get your wood or silicone soap mold and pot the raw soap mixture into it. Use a rubber spatula to remove all of the soap from the pot and spread the mixture evenly in the soap mold.
Gently tap your soap mold on the countertop to remove trapped air bubbles in the mixture. Keep the soap in a safe place with a warm temperature. It’s time to allow your mixture saponify.
Note that it will take a full day for the soap to harden. After which you can remove it from the mold and slice.
Soap making is pretty straightforward. Did you know most if not all the equipment you need are in your kitchen?
Yes, they are! If you do not already have them, you can find the soap ingredients in most stores around you.
Reminder: Don’t forget that the equipment used in making the soap should no longer be used for food. It should be exclusive.